عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Mond protected area with an area of 52289 hectares is located in 180 Kmandrsquo;s of southeast of Bushehr city, Bushehr province, in south of Iran. Its geographical positions are 51anddeg; 15andacute; to 51anddeg; 35andacute; E and 27anddeg; 15andacute; to 28anddeg; 45andacute; N. This paper presents data from a ten-year (2002-2011) monitoring of migratory wintering waterfowl and waderand#39;s fauna population and species diversity in Mond protected area. During a 10 periods from 2002 to 2011, a total of 59397 wetland birds composed of 73 species from 6 orders and 15 families of the birdandrsquo;s fauna of Iran were observed during the course of this study. The most common species counted was the Great Cormorant(Phalacrocorax carbo) with a total of 18902 individuals. The results indicated that among families of migratory wintering waterfowl and waders in Mond protected area the largest family was Phalacrocoracidaewith 31.82 percent abundance and the lowest was Podicipedidae with 0.03 percent. In these periods of studying, year of 2007 with 19858 individuals has the highest population numbers and year of 2008 with 194 individuals has the lowest. The highest and lowest species richness recording in years of 2009 and 2008 with 47 and 15 species respectively. The results showed that in this period waderand#39;s fauna with 64.2 percent and waterfowl fauna with 35.8 percent respectively has the highest and lowest abundances. According to the results of species diversity and evenness the year of 2009 has the highest biodiversity of migratory wintering waterfowl and waderand#39;s fauna in Mond protected area and year of 2011 has the lowest biodiversity (P andlt; 0.05).