تأثیر افزودن پودر دارچین (Cinnamomum verum) بر شاخص های رشد، بازماندگی و شاخص های خون شناسی بچه ماهی قزل آلای رنگین کمان (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رشته تکثیر و پرورش آبزیان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تنکابن، تنکابن، ایران

2 گروه شیلات، واحد تنکابن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تنکابن، ایران

3 گروه شیلات، واحد بندرگز،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بندرگز، ایران

4 گروه شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه گیلان، صومعه سرا، گیلان، ایران

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین تأثیر سطوح  مختلف پودر دارچین (Cinnamomum verum) بر شاخص­های رشد، بازماندگی و شاخصهای خونشناسی بچه ماهی قزل­آلای رنگین کمان (Oncorhynchusmykiss) در مدت 8 هفته انجام پذیرفت. به همین منظور تعداد 750 عدد ماهی با وزن میانگین 2±20 گرم در قالب طرح کاملا تصادفی در 5 تیمار و 3 تکرار برای هر تیمار تقسیم شدند. ماهی­ها روزانه به میزان 3 درصد وزن بدن با جیره غذایی حاوی صفر، 1، 3، 6 و 12 گرم پودر دارچین در 1 کیلوگرم غذا  تغذیه شدند. شاخص­های رشد هر 2 هفته یکبار و فاکتورهای خون شناسی پس از پایان هفته هشتم بوسیله خون­گیری از ساقه دمی براساس روش­های استاندارد آزمایشگاهی سنجش شدند. نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین میزان وزن نهایی، طول کل و نرخ رشد ویژه و مطلوبترین ضریب تبدیل غذایی مربوط به جیره حاوی 12 گرم دارچین بود (05/0p < /em> ˂). نتایج فاکتورهای خونی نشان داد که اختلاف معنی داری در بین تیمارهای مختلف نسبت به شاهد نبود و فقط بیشترین تعداد گلبول سفید و درصد لنفوسیت در تیمار حاوی 12 گرم پودر دارچین دیده شد (05/0p < /em> ˂). بطور کلی می­توان نتیجه گرفت که پودر دارچین سبب تحریک رشد و  افزایش مقاومت بدن را نیز می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of Adding Cinnamon Powder (Cinnamomum verum) on Some Blood and Growth Factors in the Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Juvenile

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolreza. Fattahi 1
  • Hamid Faghani 2
  • Majid Mohammad Nejad 3
  • Seyed Hamed Mousavi Sabet 4
1 Department of Aquaculture, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Iran
2 Department of Fisheries, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Tonekabon, Iran.
3 Department of Fisheries, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Gaz Branch, Bandars gaz, Iran
4 Department of Fisheries Sciences, University of Guilan, Sowmeh Sara, Guilan, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to determine different dose effects of cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) powder on some blood and growth factors in the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) which investigated for eight weeks. For this purpose, 750 fish were examined with the mean weight of 20±5 g in a completely randomized design with five treatments and three repeats for each treatment. The fish were daily fed by 3% body weight with a diet containing 0, 1, 3, 6, and 12 g of cinnamon powder per 1 kg of feed. Growth factors were measured every two weeks, and hematological parameters were measured at the end of 8th week due to the standard laboratory measures on peduncle blood. Maximum weight, total length, specific growth rate, and optimal feed conversion ratio belonged to the feed containing 12 g of cinnamon (p < 0.05). Regarding the blood factors, no significant difference existed between various treatments and control group, while the maximum number of leukocytes and highest percentage of lymphocyte were observed in the treatment containing 12 g of cinnamon powder (p < 0.05). In general, it can be concluded that cinnamon powder stimulates growth, enhances the immune system, prevents the diseases, and promotes the resistance in the rainbow trout juvenile.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cinnamomum verum
  • Growth index
  • Nutritional supplements
  • Hematology index
  • Oncorhynchus mykiss
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