اثر شش هفته تمرین هوازی و عصاره دارچین بر بیان ژن اینترلوکین یک بتا در بافت کبد موش های نر تغذیه شده با رژیم غذایی پرچرب

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد دامغان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، دامغان، ایران

چکیده

در افراد چاق، سطح بیان اینترلوکین یک بتا بالاتر است، به طوری که میزان بیان اینترلوکین یک بتا با سطح شاخص توده بدنی و توده چربی ارتباط مثبت مستقیمی دارد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین اثرات اجرای شش هفته تمرین هوازی، مصرف عصاره دارچین و غذای پرچرب بر بیان ژن اینترلوکین یک بتا در بافت کبد موش­های نر تغذیه شده با رژیم غذایی پرچرب با استفاده از موش‌های صحرایی نر دو ماهه‌ نژاد ویستار انجام شد تعداد 50 سر موش صحرایی نر دو ماهه پس از دو هفته نگهداری در شرایط کنترل شده به پنج گروه کنترل، رژیم پرچرب، عصاره دارچین و رژیم پرچرب، تمرین هوازی و رژیم پرچرب و تمرین هوازی و عصاره دارچین و رژیم پرچرب تقسیم شدند. عصاره دارچین به میزان 200 میلی­گرم به ازائ هر کیلوگرم از وزن بدن و امولسیون غذای پرچرب مازاد بر آب و غذای معمولی جوندگان روزانه به مقدار 5/1 میلی­گرم به ازاء هر کیلوگرم از وزن بدن به مدت شش هفته به صورت گاواژ داده شد. گروه تمرین برای پنج روز در هفته و به مدت شش هفته در برنامه‌ تمرین هوازی روی نوارگردان شرکت کردند. میانگین متغیرهای پژوهش در بین گروه­ها (بجز گروه کنترل) با هدف تعیین تفاوت­های بین گروهی، با آزمون­های آنالیز واریانس یک طرفه و بونفرونی مقایسه شدند. میانگین متغیرهای پژوهش در بین هر گروه با گروه کنترل با هدف تعیین تفاوت­های درون گروهی، با آزمون آماری تی تک نمونه در سطح معنی­داری 05/0 ≥ p  مقایسه شدند. تفاوت متغیر وزن بدن و وزن بافت کبد در پس آزمون در بین تمامی گروه­ها معنی­دار بود. تفاوت میانگین­های متغیر اینترلوکین یک بتا در بافت کبد موش­های نر تغذیه شده با رژیم غذایی پرچرب پس از شش هفته تمرین هوازی، مصرف عصاره دارچین و غذای پرچرب معنی­دار بود. بنابراین به نظر می­رسد که اثرات رژیم غذایی پرچرب, ترکیب رژیم غذایی پرچرب و تمرین هوازی، ترکیب رژیم غذایی پرچرب و دارچین و ترکیب رژیم غذایی پرچرب و تمرین هوازی و دارچین بر متغیر اینترلوکین یک بتا در بافت کبد چشمگیر و معنی­دار باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Six Weeks Aerobic Training and Cinnamon Extract on IL_1β Gene Expression in Liver Tissue of Male Feeded by High Fat Diet

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Rostamian
  • Nematolah Nemati
  • Tahereh Bagher pour
Department of Education and Sports Sciences, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran
چکیده [English]

In obese people, the expression level of interleukin is one beta higher, so that the expression level of interleukin 1 beta is directly related to the level of body mass index and fat mass. This study aimed to determine the effects of six weeks of aerobic exercise, consumption of cinnamon extract and high fat diet on the expression of 1 beta interleukin gene in liver tissue of male rats fed a high fat diet using two-month-old male Wistar rats. Fifty two-month-old male rats were divided into five control groups: high-fat diet, cinnamon extract, and high-fat diet, aerobic training and high-fat diet, and aerobic training and cinnamon extract and high-fat diet after two weeks of control. Cinnamon extract at a rate of 200 mg per kg of body weight and emulsion of high-fat food in excess of water and normal diet of rodents daily at a rate of 1.5 mg per kg of body weight for six weeks by gavage. The training group participated in an aerobic exercise program on a treadmill five days a week for six weeks. The mean of research variables among groups (except the control group) was compared with one-way variance analysis and Bonferroni tests to determine the differences among groups. The mean of research variables between each group was compared with the control group to determine the differences within the group by one-sample t-test at the significant level of p 05 0.05. There was a significant difference between body weight and liver tissue weight in the post-test between all groups. The difference among the mean variables of one beta interleukin in the liver tissue of male rats fed a high-fat diet after six weeks of aerobic exercise, consumption of cinnamon extract, and high-fat diet was significant. Therefore, it seems that the effects of high fat diet, high fat diet and aerobic exercise, high fat diet, and cinnamon and high-fat diet, and aerobic exercise and cinnamon on the interleukin variable of one beta in liver tissue are significant and significant.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Exercise
  • Cinnamon
  • High-fat diet
  • Beta-interleukin
  • Obesity
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