اثر سطوح مختلف پودر سماق بر عملکرد، توسعه دستگاه گوارش، سیستم ایمنی و فاکتورهای خونی جوجه های گوشتی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 گروه دامپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

استفاده از مکمل‌ رشد گیاهی در جیره جوجه­های گوشتی سبب افزایش راندمان تولید می‌گردد. آزمایش حاضر به منظور مقایسه اثر مقادیر مختلف پودر سماق بر عملکرد رشد، توسعه دستگاه گوارش، سیستم ایمنی و فاکتورهای خونی در جوجه­های گوشتی انجام پذیرفت که جهت انجام آن از 160 قطعه جوجه نر یکروزه نژاد راس 308 در قالب یک طرح کاملا تصادفی در 4 تیمار و 4 تکرار که هر تکرار حاوی 10 جوجه بود، استفاده شد. جیره­های آزمایشی به ترتیب شامل 1) شاهد با جیره پایه (فاقد پودر سماق)، 2) جیره پایه حاوی 25/0 درصد پودر سماق 3) جیره پایه حاوی 75/0 درصد پودر سماق  و 4) جیره پایه حاوی 5/1 درصد پودر سماق بود. یافته‌ها نشان داد که افزایش وزن بدن و ضریب تبدیل خوراک در طول دوره پرورش در جیره حاوی 5/1 درصد پودر سماق بهبود معنی‌داری پیدا کرد (05/0 > p). سطح 5/1 درصد سماق در جیره کاهش معنی‌داری بر وزن کبد و روده کوچک داشت (05/ 0> p). وزن بورس فابریسیوس در تمام سطوح مختلف از پودر سماق افزایش معنی­داری نسبت به شاهد داشت (01/0 > p). افزایش معنی‌داری در درصد هماتوکریت برای تیمارهای حاوی سطوح 75/0 و 5/1 درصد پودر سماق وجود داشت (05/0 > p). مقدار 5/1 درصد پودر سماق در جیره، بهبود معنی‌داری را بر غلظت آلبومین، کلسترول و لیپوپروتئین‌های با چگالی خیلی کم (VLDL) سرم خون جوجه­های گوشتی داشت (05/0 > p). بطور کلی نتایج نشان داد استفاده از پودر سماق در جیره جوجه­های گوشتی می­تواند به عنوان محرک رشد، اثرات مفیدی داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Different Levels of Sumac (Rhuscoriaria L.) Powder on Performance, Development of Gastrointestinal Tract, Immune System and Blood Factors of Broiler Chickens

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zoleikhah Farhangian 1
  • Hossein Reaz Shahbazi 1
  • Forogh Mohammadi 2
1 Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

Using plant growth supplements in the diet of broilers increases the production efficiency. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different amounts of sumac powder on broiler chicken growth, gastrointestinal development, immune system, and blood factors. 160 one-day-old male Ross 308 chickens were used in a completely randomized design with four treatments and four replications, each with ten chickens.The experimental diets were: 1) control with basal diet (no sumac), 2) basal diet containing the 0.25% sumac 3) basal diet containing the 0.75% of sumac, and 4) basal diet containing 1.5%. The results showed that the increase in body weight and feed conversion ratio during the rearing period in the diet containing 1.5% of sumac powder significantly improved (p <0.05). The weight of Fabricius bursa in all different levels of sumac powder significantly increased compared to the control (p <0.01). There was a significant increase in hematocrit percentage for the treatments containing levels of 0.75 and 1.5% of sumac powder (p <0.05). The amount of 1.5% sumac powder in the diet had a significant improvement on the concentration of albumin, cholesterol, and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) in the serum of broiler chickens (p <0.05). In general, the results showed that using sumac powder in the diet of broilers could have beneficial effects as a growth stimulant.
 
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کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Blood factors
  • sumac
  • broiler chickens
  • performance
  • immune system
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