اثر استفاده از حلزون هرز شاخ قوچی (Planorbis sp) به عنوان غذا بر شاخص های رشد ماهی لوچ کماندو (Yasuhikotakia sidthimunki)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه منابع طبیعی، واحد سوادکوه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سوادکوه، ایران

چکیده

این مطالعه به منظور بررسی اثرات استفاده از حلزون هرز شاخ قوچی به عنوان یک غذای طبیعی و کم هزینه بر شاخص­های رشد ماهی لوچ کماندو که از لوچ ماهیان معروف در صنعت ماهیان زینتی می­باشد، انجام گردید. برای این طرح 135 عدد با میانگین وزنی 01/0 ± 1 گرم و طول اولیه 02/0 ± 3  سانتی متر بودند. سپس بچه ماهیان به تعداد مساوی در 9 عدد آکواریوم شیشه­ای به ابعاد 40*40*90 سانتی­متر توزیع گردیدند. در این مطالعه از سه تیمار غذای طبیعی (حلزون)، شرکتی (بیومار) و ترکیبی (حلزون + بیومار) برای تغذیه لوچ ماهیان به مدت 48 روز استفاده گردید. در طی عملیات زیست­سنجی فاکتورهای وزن، ضریب تبدیل غذایی، درصد بازماندگی، ضریب رشد ویژه و درصد افزایش وزن مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج بدست آمده بیش­ترین میانگین میزان وزن (62/2 گرم) و طول نهایی (56/4 سانتی­متر) را در تیمار­های تغذیه شده با جیره ترکیبی نشان می­دهد. همچنین مقایسه درصد بازماندگی ماهیان در تیمار­های مختلف بیش­ترین درصد بقا را در جیره ترکیبی با 7/97 درصد و کم­ترین درصد بقا در جیره حلزون با 3/93 درصد نشان می­دهد که تفاوت معنی داری را در این فاکتور نشان نمی­دهد (05/0 > p). نتایج نشان می­دهد استفاده ترکیبی از حلزون و بیومار در جیره غذایی منجر به بهبود شاخص­های رشد در ماهیان می­گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Using Planorbis sp as Food on Growth Indices of Yasuhikotakia sidthimunki

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Ahmadi Asor
  • Maryam Shapoori
Department of Natural Resources, Islamic Azad University, Savadkooh Branch, Savadkooh, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study was aimed at investigating the effects of using Planorbis sp as a natural and low-cost food on the growth indices of Yasuhikotakia sidthimunki, one of the most famous loach fish in the ornamental fish industry. To this end, 135 baby fish with an average weight of 1.0 ±0.01 g and an initial length of 3 ±0.02 cm were collected. Then, they were distributed in equal numbers in nine glass aquariums with dimensions of 40 * 40 * 90 cm. In this study, three treatments of natural food (snail), corporate (biomar), and combination (snail + biomar) were used to feed loach fish for 48 days. Weight factors, feed conversion ratio, survival rate, specific growth rate, and weight gain percentage were examined during bioassay operations. The results revealed that the highest mean weight (2.62 g) and final length (4.56 cm) were obtained in the combined feeding treatment. Moreover, the comparison of fish survival percentage in different treatments shows the highest survival percentage in the combined diet with 7.97% and the lowest survival percentage in the snail diet with 3.93%, not showing a significant difference in this factor (P < 0.05). The results show that the combined use of snails and biomar in the diet leads to improved growth indices in fish.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Planorbis sp
  • Growth index
  • Yasuhikotakia Sidthimunki
  • Nutrition
  1. Azimi A, Hosseini S, Sudagar M, Aslanparviz H., 2011. Effect of replacement of Caspian Sea gammarus meal by partial kilka fish meal on growth performance, feed conversion ratio and survival of juveniles of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Iranian Scientific Fisheries Journal, 20(3):63-74 (In Persian).
  2. Bengtson, D. A. 2003. Status of marine aquaculture in relation to live prey: past, present and future. onlinelibrary.wiley.com. pp: 1-16.
  3. Bombeo-Tuburan, I., Fukumoto, S., Rodriguez, E.M., 1995. Use of the golden apple snail, cassava, and maize as feeds for the tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon, in ponds. Aquaculture, 131(1-2): 91-100.
  4. Casal, C.M.V., Espedido, J.C., Palma, A., 2017. Apple snail use in small-scale aquaculture in the Philippines. Biology and Management of Invasive Apple Snails, Philippine Rice Research Institute Muñoz Philippines, pp: 387-398.
  5. Cerezuela, R., Cuesta, A., Meseguer, J., Esteban, A., (2008). Effect of inulin on Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) innate immune parameters. 24: 663-668
  6. Chuan L., Dhert, Sorgeloos P., 2003. Recent developments and improvements in ornamental fish packaging systems for air transport. Aquaculture Research, 34(11): 923-935.
  7. Dekeya, K., 2016. Growth and survival rates of Australian red claw crayfish (cherax quadricarinatus) juveniles fed with soybean meal, fish meal and snail meal (Doctoral dissertation, BUSE).
  8. Firouzbakhsh, F., Noori, F., Khalesi, M.K., Jani-Khalili, K., 2011. Effects of a probiotic, protexin, on the growth performance and hematological parameters in the Oscar (Astronotus ocellatus) fingerlings. Fish physiology and biochemistry, 37: 833-842.
  9. Gray, S., 2011. An economic and production assessment model for ornamental fish production Jamaica. Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Aquaculture Branch Twickenham Park, Spanish Town, St. Catherine, Jamaica. Reykjavik University, Iceland, pp: 1-26

 

  1. Hosseini madani, N., Mooraki, N., Anvar, A., Manuchehri, H. 2015. Empirical feed formulations for the ornamental fish Green terror (Andinocara rivulatus) (Gunther, 1860) by evaluation the optimum level of protein. Journal of Animal Environment, 6(4): 77-84 (In Persian).
  2. Hoseinifar, S.H., Esteban, M.Á., Cuesta, A., Sun, Y.Z., 2015. Prebiotics and Fish Immune Response: A Review of Current Knowledge and Future Perspectives. Reviews in Fisheries Science and Aquaculture, 23: 315-328.
  3. Kandathil Radhakrishnan, D., AkbarAli, I., Schmidt, B. V., John, E. M., Sivanpillai, S., Thazhakot Vasunambesan, S. 2020. Improvement of nutritional quality of live feed for aquaculture: An overview. Aquaculture Research, 51(1): 1-17.
  4. Ndobe, S., Mangitung, S.F., Bardi, R., Tobigo, D.T. and Moore, A.M., 2019, November. Enrichment of commercial feed for striped snakehead fry (Channa striata) with golden snail (Pomacea sp.) flour. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 370(1): 012020.
  5. Okanlawon, S.S. and Oladipupo, S.A., 2010. Nutritional evaluation of snail offal meal as animal protein supplement in the diets of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) fingerlings. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences, 2: 103-108.
  6. Ovie, S.O. and Adejayan, A.B., 2010. Effects of supplementing fish meal with garden snail (Limicolaria Spp.) in Clarias gariepinus Sciencepub, 2: 58-62.
  7. Pauly, D., Zeller, D. 2017. Comments on FAOs state of world fisheries and aquaculture (SOFIA 2016). Marine Policy, 77, 176-181.
  8. Samir, M., & Banik, S. 2015. Production and application of live food organisms for freshwater ornamental fish larviculture. Advances in Bio Research, 6(1): 159-167.
  9. Sinha, R.K., Valani, D., Chauhan, K., Agarwal, S., 2010. Embarking on a second green revolution for sustainable agriculture by vermiculture biotechnology using earthworms: reviving the dreams of Sir Charles Darwin. Journal of Agriculture Biotechnology and Sustainable Development, 2: 113-128.
  10. Sirajudheen, T.K., Shyam, S.S., Bijukumar, A., Bindu A., 2014. Problems and Prospects of Marine Ornamental fish trade in Kerala, India. Journal of Fisheries Economics and Development, XV(1): 14-30.
  11. Sogbesan, O.A., 2006. Nutritive potentials and utilization of garden snail (Limicolaria aurora) meat meal in the diet of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. African Journal of Biotechnology, 5(20): 1999-2003.
  12. Tukmechi, A., Andani, H.R.R., Manaffar, R., Sheikhzadeh, N. 2011. Dietary administration of beta-mercapto-ethanol treated Saccharomyces cerevisiae enhanced the growth, innate immune response and disease resistance of the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Fish & shellfish immunology, 30(3): 923-928.
  13. Xue, M., Luo, L., Wu, X., Ren, Z., Gao, P., Yu, Y., Pearl, G. 2006. Effects of six alternative lipid sources on growth and tissue fatty acid composition in Japanese sea bass (Lateolabrax japonicus). Aquaculture, 260(1-4): 206-214.
  14. Yang, S., Liu, Q., Wang, Y., Zhao, L.L., Wang, Y., Yang, S.Y., Du, Z.J., Zhang, J.E., 2016. Effects of dietary supplementation of golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) egg on survival, pigmentation and antioxidant activity of Blood parrot. SpringerPlus, 5(1):1-11.
  15. Mohammad Pour, Y., Shapoori, M., Sadeghi, M., 2019. A Comparison of nutritional value of Biomar diet and earthworm as feed on growth performance and survival of ornamental Oscar fish (Asteronotus ocellatus). Iranian Scientific Fisheries Journal, 28(2): 39-48 (In Persian).
  16. Velasquez, L., Ibanez, I., Herrera, C. And Oyaizu, M., 1991. A note on the nutritional evaluation of worm meal (Eisenia feotida) in diets for rainbow trout.  Animal Production, 53: 119-122.