عنوان مقاله [English]
Heroin is one of the most addictive drugs used among adolescents and young people in Iran. Since the use of drugs such as Heroin has detrimental effects on organs, tissues, hormones, amniotic fluid, and expression of genes affecting the mother and fetus, as well as other factors, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of methamphetamine on the amniotic sac of pregnant rat and its effects on subsequent generations. Sixty adult Wistar female rats were assigned to six groups: control group, sham group, group receiving 1 mg/kg heroin, group receiving 2 mg/kg heroin, group receiving 3 mg/kg heroin and the group receiving 4 mg/kg heroin. At the end of the experimental period, blood samples were taken from the hearts of the mice and the desired parameters such as testosterone, glucose, LH, FSH, AST, ALT, WBC, and RBC were measured. The rats were then dissected; amniotic fluid was isolated to assess the amount of carbohydrates, protein, phospholipids, fats, and urea. Finally, statistical analysis was performed. Intraperitoneal injection of heroin caused significant changes in testosterone and T.G parameters compared to the control group. However, no significant change was observed in LH and FSH levels. In addition, many changes such as weakening and thinning of the theca layer in the graph follicle, destruction of the underlying material and growing follicles following heroin use in the ovarian tissue. Moreover, increased gene expression was seen after increasing the dose of heroin.
In this study, heroin injection, even in low doses, could increase or decrease ovarian activity and oogenesis, resulting in impaired oocyte maturation and ovulation quality.